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UN OK's Resolution on Yemen Sanctions  02/26 06:05

   The U.N. Security Council approved a resolution Tuesday extending targeted 
sanctions for war-torn Yemen following contentious negotiations among the 
council's member nations.

   UNITED NATIONS (AP) -- The U.N. Security Council approved a resolution 
Tuesday extending targeted sanctions for war-torn Yemen following contentious 
negotiations among the council's member nations.

   Among the disputes had been whether to refer to U.N. experts' findings that 
Yemen's Houthi Shiite rebels are receiving parts for drones and weapons, some 
with technical characteristics similar to arms manufactured in Iran.

   Britain, which drafted the resolution, and the U.S. and other Western 
nations supported the inclusion of the experts' findings, but Russia and China 
objected. The much-revised British draft that was put to a vote and approved 
13-0 eliminated all references to the Houthis and Iran, but Russia and China 
said their demands still were not fully met and abstained. 

   That appeared to surprise Britain and its Western allies who thought after 
last-minute negotiations into the early afternoon that all 15 council members 
would vote "yes."

   British Ambassador Karen Pierce expressed disappointment, saying, "If 
countries are going to engage in negotiations with us in detail and then not 
support the text, then that in my mind is sharp practice."

   In a broader comment clearly aimed at Russia, she warned against the threat 
of a veto becoming "simply a negotiating tactic," stressing the need for 
compromise to ensure the Security Council meets its responsibilities to ensure 
international peace and security.

   France's ambassador, Nicolas de Riviere, said a compromise solution was 
found to maintain the unity of the council, and "t is therefore all the more 
regrettable that this unity dropped away at the time of the vote."

   He said resolutions are "the fruit of compromise" and no member should 
expect to get all their demands.

   Russian Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia countered that "our objections to a host 
of provisions of the British past draft" were raised during negotiations and a 
number were taken into account only on Tuesday.

   He said provisions in the text still "go beyond the objectives of this 
resolution," and Russia was presented with "a take-it-or-leave-it approach 
which does not allow for compromise."

   "We cannot agree to that kind of approach," Nebenzia said.

   He said the council needs to avoid divisions when the situation in Yemen 
requires collective effort to help achieve a cease-fire and start political 
negotiations and restore peace. "This could have been agreed to calmly without 
drama," Nebenzia said. 

   Yemen, the Arab world's most impoverished country with a population of 26 
million, plunged into war in 2014 after the Iranian-backed Houthis took over 
the capital of Sanaa. The internationally recognized government fled and sought 
support from neighboring Gulf countries. 

   In March 2015, a Saudi-led, U.S.-backed military coalition began what has 
turned into a devastating war that has killed more than 10,000 people, 
displaced 2 million and created the world's worst humanitarian disaster.

   The resolution expresses concern at "violence and enforced disappearances, 
and threats arising from the illicit transfer, destabilizing accumulation and 
misuse of weapons." It reiterates the need for dialogue and reaffirms "the need 
for the full and timely implementation of the political transition" following a 
national dialogue.

   The panel of experts said in a recent report that the main smuggling route 
for both commercially available drone parts and weapons "seems to run overland 
from Oman and the southern coast of Yemen, through territory controlled by the 
government of Yemen, towards Sanaa," which is controlled by the Houthis.

   No mention is made of that in the resolution, which also doesn't refer to 
the experts' finding that some parts for the drones and weapons are similar to 
those manufactured in Iran. 

   The resolution does ask the U.N. panel to report on "commercially available 
components which have been used by individuals and entities" on the U.N. 
sanction blacklist "to assemble unmanned aerial vehicles, water-borne 
improvised explosive devices, and other weapons systems."

   Rodney Hunter, political coordinator for the U.S. Mission, expressed hope 
that "this information will help member states and private companies exercise 
greater vigilance over the transfer of these items to Yemen."

   The experts said the parts and weapons potentially violate a U.N. arms 
embargo. The resolution calls on all countries "and other actors to comply with 
the targeted arms embargo."

   In one reference to the Houthis, the council expresses "serious concern at 
the devastating humanitarian situation in Yemen and all instances of undue 
hindrances to the effective delivery of humanitarian assistance, including the 
recent interference in aid operations in Houthi-controlled areas as well as 
obstacles and the undue limitations on the delivery of vital goods to the 
civilian population occurring throughout Yemen."

   The only other reference in the resolution calls for access "without delay" 
for the U.N. to inspect and maintain the oil tanker Safer, which is moored off 
Yemen's main port of Hodeida in the Houthi-controlled north and poses 
"environmental risks."

   Hunter said this first mention of the Safer by the council in a resolution 
"reflects the international community's deep concern about the chance that this 
tanker could rupture, causing an environmental disaster in the Red Sea." He 
accused the Houthis for not providing the U.N. with access to the vessel.

   The resolution extends the targeted sanctions until Feb. 26, 2021, and the 
mandate of the U.N. experts until March 28, 2021.


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